Creating running totals

You often have a set of questions where you wish to total the answers. For example: asking how many hours a week respondents spend doing different things asking how much money respondents spent on different activities during a visit asking respondents to share a fixed amount or percentage between a set of options The amount […]

Setting an initial value

An initial value can be set for a question. This value is selected or displayed as the default answer to the question, when a participant is completing the questionnaire. The Initial Value field can be set to a code, literal constant or an expression using values from the preceding questions, depending on the question style. […]


Validation ensures that the respondent enters data into a question in the correct format and that other input criteria are satisfied. The validation includes: making a question mandatory , where the participant must answer it setting the maximum length for a free format text answer adding a pattern, such as a date or email address, […]